What is Acne?

Acne is a skin condition that occurs due to the overproduction of oil by the oil glands of the skin. The oil that normally lubricates the skin gets trapped in blocked oil ducts and results in what we know as pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads on the surface of skin. Sometimes it also includes deeper skin lesions that are called cysts.

Pimples are small skin swellings that sometimes contain pus.

Blackheads are dark formations on the skin due to an accumulated mixture of oil and cells in a blocked skin pore.

Whiteheads are small flesh-or white-colored bumps due to skin pore blockage.

Cysts are closed sacs beneath the skin or deeper that contain fluid or semisolid substances.The areas of the skin that are most susceptible to acne are those areas that contain the largest number of oil glands. For example, it is estimated that there are 2,000 oil glands per square inch on the forehead alone. The face, chest, shoulders, and back are the areas with the highest population of oil glands.

What causes Acne?

There are four major factors responsible for causing acne. They act together to cause the characteristic pimples , whiteheads and blackheads associated with acne.

They are:

Overactive Oil Glands

Oil glands are located deep in the skin. They are also known as sebaceous glands. The oil glands vary in size, and the larger ones are associated with visible skin pores.

Each oil gland is connected to a tiny canal that contains a hair. The canal with its contained hair is called a follicle.

The glands produce oil (also known as sebum ) that flows to the surface of the skin through these canals to lubricate the hair follicles and the surrounding skin.

The opening of the canal with the attached hair (follicle) onto the skin is the skin pore.

The oil glands are stimulated to produce oil by hormones, specifically the male hormones called androgens (women also have these hormones, but much less of them). These hormones are produced by the testes in men and by the ovaries in women. In both sexes, androgens are also produced by the adrenal glands.

During times of stress, the adrenal glands produce increased levels of these hormones, causing even greater enlargement of the oil glands.

During puberty, the oil glands become overactive in response to hormonal changes.

Blockage Of The Skin Pores

Oily skin occurs when an overactive oil gland enlarges and overproduces oil. Acne develops when some of the pores (through which oil normally flows from the oil gland to reach the skin surface) become blocked, resulting in trapping of oil within the skin pores.

The pores are blocked by skin cells that have been shed from the lining of the skin pore and have bunched together. The cause for this clogging is not known, but it is not due to poor hygiene. A blackhead or whitehead will develop from this skin pore blockage.

Activity Of Normal Skin Bacteria

Although acne is not caused by a bacterial infection, bacteria do play a role in making the situation worse. The bacterium Propionibacterium acnes ( P. acnes ), is a normal part of  the skin surface. It keeps the skin from being invaded by harmful bacteria.When oil is trapped in the hair follicles, the normal skin bacteria P. acnes will grow in the blocked pore. The bacteria produce chemicals that alter the composition of the oil, which makes it more irritating to the skin and causes inflammation.

Acneic Skin


Inflamed skin is characterized by redness, swelling, warmth and discomfort. Inflammation of the skin occurs because the body's immune system is acting to rid
itself of a foreign substance. In the case of acne, this substance is either bacteria or the irritating compounds they have produced.

Classification of Acne:

Acne is arbitrarily placed into categories by clinical observation. These categories can range from mild to severe, or may be graded on a one-to-four scale.

Grade 1/Mild Acne : Consists of only whiteheads and blackheads.  

Grade 2/Mild-to-Moderate Acne : Consists of whiteheads, blackheads, and small papules above the surface of the skin.

Grade 3/Moderate-to-Severe Acne :  Consists of whiteheads, blackheads, and inflamed papules and pustules.

Grade 4/Severe Acne : Distinguished by its pustules, deep cysts and scarring. Always refer a Grade 4 acne client to a specialist for treatment.

Acne Treatment Options:

Acne treatment options attempt to meet one or more of the following four goals:

1. Reduction of Sebum 

Because excessive sebum production contributes to the development of acne, agents which reduce sebum output are often effective.

2. Reduction of Bacteria

To reduce the formation of acne lesions, therapy is directed at reducing bacteria (specifically P. acnes), thereby reducing free fatty acids, which are irritating and comedogenic.

3. Alteration of Keratinization

The goal of some acne therapies is to increase cell turnover and reduce the cohesion between keratinized cells, thus increasing the sloughing off of dead cells at the skin’s surface and impeding the development of follicular plugs (micro comedones). Therapies that break up existing comedones and prevent the development of new comedones are said to be “comedolytic.”

4. Reduction of Inflammation

Some therapies stop the inflammatory process that turns a simple micro comedones into a papule or a pustule.

DNA Clinical Treatment Protocol:
• MediClear Lightening Wash™
• CryoStem Lift Stick™ - Controls and regulates sebum production - 2 times per day
• Floral Bliss™
• Acne Serum™ 
• Oceana Mineral Gel™
• Anti-Aging Eye Repair Crème™ (Adults)
• Sunscreen 28 Use DNA Sunscreen. Wait a minimum of 10 min. before application
** Sal Ionic Polymer Peel

To buy the above products click on this link, Buy DNA products

Please Click on Skin Care Instruction 

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